同声传译的常见方法有什么?

作者:管理员发布时间:2020-07-07 17:31:17浏览次数:201

  同声传译是译员在不打断讲话者讲话的情况下,不间断的将内容口译给听众,效率高,在演讲和会议时应用居多,今天北京品艺翻译公司给大家分享同声传译的常见方法有什么?

  Simultaneous interpretation means that the interpreter interprets the content to the audience without interrupting the speaker's speech. It is highly efficient and is mostly used in speeches and conferences. Today, Shanghai Zhenyun translation company shares with you the common methods of simultaneous interpretation?

  同声传译方法一:顺句驱动

  Simultaneous interpretation method 1: sentence driven

  顺句驱动,顾名思义就是在同传过程中,译员按听到的原句的句子顺序,把整个句子切成意群单位或信息单位,再使用连接词把这些单位自然连接起来, 译出整体的意思。

  As the name suggests, the interpreter can cut the whole sentence into a group or unit of information in the simultaneous interpreting process, and then use the conjunction to connect the units naturally and translate the whole meaning.

  在同声传译中,译员不像交替传译中可以通过记忆或笔记的帮助展现一个完整的句子, 更不像笔译中有充分的时间布局谋篇。同传译员在一听到发言人讲话开始就不得不张开嘴翻译, 并且是在翻译的同时还要记忆理解说话人的讲话,因此如果不马上把听到的内容用目的语表达出来, 就会给译员的记忆带来巨大的挑战和压力。因此顺译这种方法便非常值得提倡。但由于汉英两种语言的截然不同,采取顺句驱动的方法时, 如果译员只强调词语的对应,则听众会觉得译文生涩难懂, 不易理解, 适当的填词, 减词, 断句, 词性转换等笔译中经常用到的方法也需要适当应用。

  In simultaneous interpretation, it is not like that in consecutive interpreting, the interpreter can present a complete sentence with the help of memory or notes, nor is there sufficient time arrangement in translation. A simultaneous interpreting interpreter will have to open his mouth when he hears a speaker's speech. He also needs to memorize and understand the speaker's speech while translating. Therefore, if he does not immediately express his content in the target language, it will bring enormous challenges and pressure to the memory of the interpreter. Therefore, this method is worth promoting. However, due to the difference between Chinese and English, if the translator only emphasizes the correspondence of words, the audience will feel that the translation is difficult to understand and difficult to understand. Appropriate methods such as filling in words, reducing words, breaking sentences and changing parts of speech need to be applied properly.

  同声传译方法二:补充法

  Method 2 of simultaneous interpretation: supplementary method

  补充法就是译员在同传过程中通过增加一些辅助语词使得句子更通顺便于理解,比如中古的俗语有些只有三五个字,但是你无法只用三五个英文单词表达清楚。中文重意合,英语重形合。由于语言之间的差别和说话的方式方法不同,同声传译员在翻译的时侯,需要补充一些信息。

  The supplement is that the interpreter can make the sentence more fluent and easy to understand in the process of simultaneous interpreting, such as the medieval saying, there are only 35 words, but you can not express it clearly in 35 English words. Chinese emphasizes parataxis while English emphasizes hypotaxis. Due to the differences between languages and different ways of speaking, simultaneous interpreters need to supplement some information when translating.

  同声传译方法三:重复法

  Method 3 of simultaneous interpretation: repetition

  由于英语句子的连接方式是通过连接词,句子往往比较长,更具包含性,逻辑严密,句子一层套一层。如果在同声传译中,完全按照英语长句的顺序翻译,就会出现一句定语特别长或状语特别长的中文句子,这些句子在汉语中行不通。因为汉语重意合,没有那么多的连接词,同时汉语短句较多,简洁富有弹性,比英语耐重复,这一特定弥补了短句在沟通和交流中的不足。因此重复法也是同声传译经常能够用到的一种技巧。

  Because English sentences are connected by connectives, the sentences are often longer, more inclusive and logical, and the sentences cover one layer at a time. In simultaneous interpretation, if the translation is completely in accordance with the sequence of long English sentences, there will be a Chinese sentence with a very long attribute or an adverbial, which will not work in Chinese. Because Chinese attaches importance to parataxis, there are not so many connectives. At the same time, there are more short sentences in Chinese, which are concise and flexible, and more resistant to repetition than English. This specific feature makes up for the lack of short sentences in communication and communication. Therefore, repetition is also a common skill in simultaneous interpretation.

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